ARM Mbed

Revision as of 2019-07-24T00:10:09 by Kai (talk | contribs)

Introduction

Mbed (official website) is a collection of APIs which simplify software development for microcontrollers with ARM Cortex kernel. Mbed is maintained by ARM, in cooperation with their partners.

Mbed OS

Mbed OS is a real-time operating system that comes with the Mbed APIs.

Web IDE

The web IDE is the most convenient of getting started with the Mbed API and Mbed OS. You can generate a blank Mbed project or a project based on one of the many example projects. You can build the project on the Web IDE and download the resulting binary. You can also download the complete source package as an archive file (ZIP file) with project file stubs for the popular embedded software development environments.

Command Line Tools

Mbed CLI is a collection of command line tools for generating Mbed project stubs in the same way that the Web IDE does. With the command line tools you can create a script that fetches the Mbed OS part and places it in a shared location, then create project stubs with the sources relevant to a specific application.

To install the tools on Ubuntu Linux type

sudo apt install git mercurial
sudo pip3 install mbed-cli
mbed config -G GCC_ARM_PATH <toolchain path>/bin

where <toolchain path> is the installation path of the GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain for Cortex M architecture.

Use the CLI tool mbed to generate project skeleton files:

mbed import mbed-os-latest       # fetches the latest Mbed OS from GitHub
mbed config -G MBED_OS_DIR ./mbed-os-latest  # makes projects use the downloaded Mbed OS source 
mbed new --scm git mbed-test     # generates new project files with a Git repository 
cd mbed-test                     # next commands require that the current working directory is the project root 
mbed target NUCLEO_F303K8        # sets the target device (the Nucleo-32 board STM32F303K8T6)

where the name of the target device can be determined by connecting the target board with your Ubuntu computer and typing

mbed detect


which prints device information and whether MbedOS is supported:

[mbed] Detected NUCLEO_F411RE, port /dev/ttyACM1, mounted /media/kai/NODE_F411RE, interface version 0221:
[mbed] Supported toolchains for NUCLEO_F411RE
| Target        | mbed OS 2 | mbed OS 5 |    ARM    |    uARM   |  GCC_ARM  |    IAR    | ARMC5 |
|---------------|-----------|-----------|-----------|-----------|-----------|-----------|-------|
| NUCLEO_F411RE | Supported | Supported | Supported | Supported | Supported | Supported |   -   |
Supported targets: 1
Supported toolchains: 4

[mbed] Detected NUCLEO_F303K8, port /dev/ttyACM0, mounted /media/kai/NODE_F303K8, interface version 0221:
[mbed] Supported toolchains for NUCLEO_F303K8
| Target | mbed OS 2 | mbed OS 5 | ARM | uARM | GCC_ARM | IAR | ARMC5 |
|--------|-----------|-----------|-----|------|---------|-----|-------|
Supported targets: 0

Note that even Mbed OS 2 is not supported on the STM32F303 Nucleo board because of the Python 3 environment instead of Python 2.